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Biomedical Clinical Sciences


OVERVIEW OF COURSE

The Biomedical Sciences program consists of Human Anatomy and Physiology, Surface Anatomy, Western Clinical Sciences, practical knowledge of integrated medicine, pharmacology, nutrition, physical examination, and medical legal issues and ethics. It provides for student competency in relevant biomedicine sciences prior to clinical training and overall competency prior to graduation. The Biomedicine Program is divided into three types of courses: Basic Sciences, Clinical Medicine, and Special Topics in Clinical Medicine. The two semester Basic Sciences course is required for all incoming students and is taught during the Spring and Fall semesters. Students who pass both semesters of the first year of Basic Sciences are then eligible to take the Clinical Medicine course. It is a six-semester course that is taught during the Spring and Fall semesters over a three-year period. Students who have passed Basic Sciences are also eligible to take the two-semester Special Topics in Clinical Medicine course. It is taught during alternate Summers. Special Topics courses count as full Biomedicine credit towards graduation.

The biomedicine program is divided into three main portions.
  1. Portion one is comprised of 20 educational goals that each CAHM student must achieve according to ACAOM requirements. The curriculum additionally includes the category of Western Clinical Sciences. Topics covered include dermatology, pulmonology, neurology, gastroenterology, immunology, rheumatology, endocrinology, nephrology, and geriatrics.
  2. The second portion encompasses practical knowledge of integrated medicine and covers Human Anatomy and Physiology (including Surface Anatomy), Western Clinical Medicine, Blood Chemistry (interpreting the results of a blood test), and X-Ray readings.
  3. The third portion involves pharmacology (including drug interactions and chemical toxicity). Focus is also placed on the Western style of SOAPS notation and the integration of Western nutritional sciences with Oriental nutrition diets.

PURPOSE OF THE COURSE
This course is designed to provide basic knowledge of the core concepts of Western Medicine; to provide the vocabulary and the intellectual framework graduates need for State licensure and the National certification examinations in Acupuncture and Herbal Medicine; to enhance the quality of Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine care provided and to allow students as later professionals to communicate knowledgably and effectively, and to interface professionally with Western medical practitioners and institutions. The primary philosophy employed in the Department of Biomedical Sciences is to provide students not only with a fundamental understanding of the allopathic medical and clinical sciences but also to build a bridge between TCM and western medicine. Therefore a great deal of emphasis is placed on teaching students when and why to refer to western physicians. They are taught how to present patients in a western format for making such referrals.

 

COURSE OBJECTIVES

The course is designed to train students in the following:
  • Relevant Basic Sciences that are Directed Toward Attaining the Biomedical Clinical Competencies (e.g. Biology, including Microbiology, Chemistry, Physics and Psychology)
    • Biomedical and Clinical Concepts and Terms
    • Human Anatomy and Physiology
    • Pathology and the Biomedical Disease Model
  • Biomedical Clinical Process
    • Including History Taking, Diagnosis, Treatment and Follow-Up
    • Clinical Relevance of Laboratory and Diagnostic Tests and Procedures, as well as Biomedical Physical Examination Findings
    • Infectious Diseases, Sterilization Procedures, Needle Handling and Disposal, and Other Issues Relevant to Blood Borne and Surface Pathogens
  • Biomedical Pharmacology
    • Including Potential Medication, Herb and Nutritional Supplement Interactions
    • Contraindications, and Side Effects and How to Access this Information
  • Basis and Need for Referral and/or Consultation
    • Range of Biomedical Referral Resources and the Modalities They Employ

BIOMEDICAL CLINICAL SCIENCES COMPETENCIES
Through this program students will acquire professional competency in:
  • Knowledge How to Protect the Health and Ensure Safety of the Patient and the Health Care Provider
  • Understanding of the Limits of their Knowledge and Skill
  • Knowledge of Biomedical Terminology
  • Understanding of Biomedical Anatomy and Physiology
  • Understanding of Pathology and Disease Processes from a Biomedical Perspective
  • Understanding of the Conceptual Model of the Biomedical Clinical Process from Intake to Therapeutics
  • Survey Level of Knowledge of the Range of Biomedical Referral Resources and Modalities they Employ
  • Understanding of the Basis and Need for Referral and/or Consultation
  • Appropriate Knowledge of Available Laboratory Tests and Physical Examination; their Clinical Relevance
  • Survey Level of Understanding of Biomedical Pharmacology; Effects of Medication and Supplements

 


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